Full Text: Trump’s Reply To DOJ Response


August 31, 2022


Read Trump’s weakly reasoned reply to the DOJ response to Trump’s request for a special master to review the documents seized by the FBI from Trump’s Mar-a-Lago residence where Trump had illegally transported and held them.

Legal analysts reviewing the reply were unified that in their opinions that the reply was poorly drafted, poorly filed and represented “gibberish,” “gobbledygook,” and similarly derogatory characterizations. The Guardian had this to say:

“On Tuesday night, the government filed its 36-page opposition to the ex-reality-show host’s demand that a special master be appointed. (A special master is an independent mediator appointed to go through documents and determine which may be protected by privilege.)

Trump’s gambit backfired, however. Once again, he looks like a liar. Beyond that, his lawyers became his lackeys. Christina Bobb meet William Barr.

In early June, Trump and Bobb, Trump’s attorney and a former marine, delivered to the government a packet of documents in a sealed folder. A certificate signed by Bobb attested to the fact that ‘any and all responsive documents accompany this certification’.

Apparently not. Instead, the government subsequently ‘developed evidence’ that ‘efforts were likely taken to obstruct the government’s investigation’. Who was involved in the conspiracy is an unanswered question.”

The reply, entitled “Movant’s Reply To United States Response To Motion For Judicial Oversight And Additional Relief,” can be viewed in the online reader below or viewed in a larger format by clicking on the link “Trump Reply To DOJ Response To Special Master Request” below the online reader. Clicking the “Download” button allows the full text of the document to be downloaded to your device. You can also share this post on Twitter and Facebook.

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Full Text: DOJ Response To Trump’s Special Master Motion


August 30, 2022


Read the full text of the DOJ’s 36 page blockbuster opposition to Donald Trump’s senseless delaying tactic of requesting a special master to review illegally held documents seized from Trump’s Mar-a-Lago residence. In addition to the powerful arguments advanced by the DOJ, the opposition document also contains damning photographic evidence not only of Trump’s illegal possession of sensitive documents, including “Secret” and “Top Secret” documents, but also of Trump’s inexcusable recklessness in managing these documents, for example mixing up different types of documents and removing them from protective covers (as shown in the photograph from the DOJ brief at the top of this post).

The full text of the DOJ’s “United States’ Response To Motion For Judicial Oversight And Additional Relief” can be viewed in the online reader below or viewed in a larger format by clicking on the link “DOJ Response To Special Master Request” below the online reader. Clicking the “Download” button allows the full text of the document to be downloaded to your device. You can also share this post on Twitter and Facebook.

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Full Text: Trump’s Special Master Motion


August 22, 2022


Trump’s special master request is senseless.

As noted in Vice News: “Trump’s request to freeze the review of the documents seized by the FBI is ‘factually baseless and legally frivolous,’ one former federal prosecutor said.”

Vice offered this description of Trump’s request:

“Former President Donald Trump has pulled plenty of odd moves in the courtroom over the course of his turbulent career.Even by those standards, his latest legal filing is pretty out there.

On Monday, August 22, 2022, Trump’s attorneys asked a Florida judge to freeze the government’s review of documents seized by the FBI from Trump’s Mar-a-Lago club two weeks ago. But the request his attorneys delivered was downright weird, surreally late, plagued by sloppy errors, probably futile—and possibly self-defeating, according to lawyers who looked at the filing.

‘I think it’s factually baseless and legally frivolous, and I’m surprised lawyers would sign their names to this,’ Barbara McQuade, the former top federal prosecutor in Detroit, told VICE News.

‘This move just seems completely bizarre, and it’s either because his lawyers are incompetent or this is a public relations effort rather than a legal one,’ said Rebecca Roiphe, a former New York prosecutor and now an expert on prosecutorial ethics at New York Law School.

The stakes are high for Trump, who is being criminally investigated for possible violation of the Espionage Act after reportedly hiding 300 classified documents in his private Palm Beach club. The resulting political and legal battle over the Mar-a-Lago search has the potential to determine whether Trump ends up in prison if he’s criminally charged—or help send him back to the White House, if he can turn outrage among his supporters into campaign momentum.

Despite the urgency of the situation, Trump’s request arrived very, very late.

The FBI pulled 11 sets of classified documents and a total 26 boxes worth of materials from Mar-a-Lago on August 8—meaning the feds have had plenty of time to flip through the documents at a leisurely pace, even if they have weekends off.

In the meantime, Trump’s lawyers had time to appear frequently on TV news segments railing about the search, while Trump and his allies warned of payback when Republicans are back in power.

Even if the filing was submitted for PR purposes rather than as part of a sober legal strategy, it could still blow up in Trump’s face, lawyers pointed out.

That’s because it opens the door for a response from the Department of Justice that could make Trump look worse than he already does.

The DOJ and FBI have been reluctant to speak openly about the case, and Attorney General Merrick Garland recently stressed his department ‘will speak through its court filings’ rather than issue press releases.

Trump’s latest filing invites exactly that kind of court filing in response, which could prove damaging for Trump, according to Andrew Weissman, a former federal prosecutor and member of the Mueller investigation into Trump’s ties to Russia.

‘New Trump Florida filing opens a wide door for DOJ to walk through,’ Weissman wrote on Twitter, adding that Garland can now “address all the factual lies and misrepresentations.”

Trump’s lawyers asked the judge to appoint a third-party ‘special master’ to inspect the files taken from Mar-a-Lago, and to order the FBI and DOJ to stop reviewing the files in the meantime.

Special masters are commonly used when the FBI searches a lawyer’s office to filter out documents to be shielded for attorney-client privilege. For example, judges appointed special masters when the FBI raided Trump lawyers Rudy Giuliani and Michael Cohen in past criminal probes.

But in this case, even the judge who received Trump’s filing declared herself confused about exactly what he’s seeking.

Judge Aileen Cannon, a Trump appointee, responded Tuesday afternoon with a list of questions in an order instructing Trump’s lawyers to clarify exactly what they want and why they believe they have a legal basis to ask for it.

Judge Cannon’s tone seemed ‘skeptical,’ tweeted New York Times journalist Charlie Savage. And little wonder: Lawyers called the legal reasoning in the document baffling.

Trump based his demand for a special master on his claim of executive privilege, which is the legal principle that some White House documents and conversations can be kept private.

But here, Trump is making executive privilege claims against the executive branch itself, in the form of the DOJ and the FBI. In doing so, he’s blithely ignoring the fact that he’s no longer the president.

‘Executive privilege is meant to protect certain internal statements from disclosure to the public or even another branch of government,’ said Roiphe. ‘Executive privilege documents belong to the executive and are supposed to be in the national archives—and by claiming executive privilege he’s effectively admitting these documents are not supposed to be in his possession.’

Then there are the downright silly errors. Two Trump attorneys, Evan Corcoran and Jim Trusty, had their requests to appear in the Florida court from out of state denied because they didn’t fill in the paperwork correctly. The judge invited them to submit again.

‘This document is something that, if a first-year lawyer in my law firm submitted it to me, I would not allow it to be filed, or put my firm or my name on it. It is embarrassing,’ Renato Mariotti, a former federal prosecutor, told CNN.

While former presidents are always likely to be given a serious and deferential hearing in any court, the end result of this particular legal wrangle is unlikely to be a win for Trump, said Roiphe.

‘As a legal matter, this just isn’t going to succeed,’ she said. ‘I don’t think he’ll get a special master. I don’t think he’ll get a second review of the search warrant and a return of his documents.’

Trump might be able to slow down the proceedings, she said. ‘It could create delay, but I don’t think even that is very likely,’ Roiphe said.”

The full text of Trump’s “Motion For Judicial Oversight And Additional Relief” can be viewed in the online reader below or viewed in a larger format by clicking on the link “Trump’s Special Master Motion.” Clicking the “Download” button allows the full text of the document to be downloaded to your device. You can also share this post on Twitter and Facebook.

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Full Text: DOJ Request Not To Unseal Affidavit


August 15, 2022


The DOJ is investigating Donald Trump and not merely trying to recover documents Trump illegally took from the White House. This was made clear today in the release of the DOJ’s “United States’ Omnibus Response To Motions To Unseal” the affidavit supporting the Search And Seizure Warrant underlying the FBI raid on Trump’s Mar-a-Lago residence in Florida on Monday, August 8, 2022. The full text of the “Omnibus Response” can be read by following the links at the end of this post. The following account, paraphrased from Forbes Magazine, explains the significance of the wording of the “Omnibus Response” and in particular its dire warning to Donald Trump that he is the subject of a full blown DOJ Investigation.

As explained in Forbes, “The Justice Department on Monday [August 15, 2022] asked a federal judge to not unseal the affidavit associated with the search warrant that allowed the FBI to raid former President Donald Trump’s residence at Mar-a-Lago last week, writing that there are ‘compelling reasons’ including matters of national security.” Those compelling reasons, are set forth below.

  • “Unsealing the affidavit at this point in time would cause ‘significant and irreparable damage to this ongoing criminal investigation,’ according to the 13-page filing, which was made in response to media outlets requesting that the affidavit be released.
  • Lawyers wrote that keeping the affidavit sealed is important to ‘protect the integrity’ of the ongoing investigation, which ‘implicates national security.’
  • The affidavit, which would typically contain information about evidence collected that would support probable cause needed to secure a search warrant, also includes ‘highly sensitive’ information about witnesses, they said, along with specific investigative techniques.
  • Witnesses may be ‘hesitant to come forward voluntarily’ knowing that people they testify against would be aware of their testimony or that information they share could be publicized before the beginning of any criminal proceedings, the lawyers wrote.
  • Most significantly, ‘Even when the public is already aware of the general nature of the investigation, revealing the specific contents of a search warrant affidavit could alter the investigation’s trajectory, reveal ongoing and future investigative efforts, and undermine agents’ ability to collect evidence or obtain truthful testimony,’ lawyers wrote in the filing.”

The full text of the DOJ’s “Omnibus Response To Motions To Unseal” can be viewed in the online reader below or viewed in a larger format by clicking on the link “Response To Motions To Unseal.” Clicking the “Download” button allows the full text of the document to be downloaded to your device. You can also share this post on Twitter and Facebook.

Democracy4All is a 501(c)(3) nonpartisan collective working to expand, reform, and protect American democracy through charitable and educational means. You can support our work through PayPal or AmazonSmile (AmazonSmile gives you all AmazonPrime benefits).

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Full Text: Mar-a-Lago Search Warrant


August 12, 2022


Links to the full text of Search and Seizure Warrant issued for classified documents illegally held by twice-impeached, one-term FPOTUS Donald J. Trump at Mar-a-Lago, his private residence in Florida. To view and download this historic, and damning for FPOTUS, document follow the instructions at the end of this post.

Here is a paraphrased explanation of the key lines in the Search and Seizure Warrant published by CNN.

“The search was an evidence-gathering step in a national security investigation about the mishandling of classified documents. The area searched was Mar-a-Lago, a sprawling estate owned by Donald Trump which serves as his primary residence as well as a members-only club and resort.

The FBI recovered 11 sets of classified documents from its search, including some materials marked as “top secret/SCI” — one of the highest levels of classification, according to documents from the search warrant that were released Friday.

The Search and Seizure Warrant identifies three federal crimes that the Justice Department is looking at as part of its investigation:

  • violations of the Espionage Act
  • obstruction of justice
  • criminal handling of government records.

The inclusion of the crimes indicates the Justice Department has probable cause to investigate those offenses as it was gathering evidence in the search. No one has been charged with a crime at this time.

Also unsealed with the Search and Seizure Warrant was a “receipt” listing the items that the FBI collected from Mar-a-Lago. That document reveals FBI agents removed more than 20 boxes from Trump’s resort and residence in Palm Beach, as well as binders of photos, sets of classified government materials and at least one handwritten note.

According to the search warrant receipt, federal agents seized:

  • 1 set of “top secret/SCI” documents
  • 4 sets of “top secret” documents
  • 3 sets of “secret” documents
  • 3 sets of “confidential” documents.

The warrant receipt didn’t detail what such classified documents were about.

Among the items taken:

  • A document about pardoning Roger Stone, a staunch Trump ally who was convicted in 2019 of lying to Congress during its probe of Russian meddling in the 2016 election. The Stone-related material taken from Mar-a-Lago was listed in the warrant receipt as “Executive Grant of Clemency re: Roger Jason Stone, Jr.”
  • Material about the “President of France.”

Trump pardoned Stone before leaving office, shielding him from a three-year prison term. It’s unclear how the Stone-related document seized during the search is tied to the broader criminal probe into Trump’s potential mishandling of classified materials.”

The full text of the Search and Seizure Warrant approved by AG Merrick Garland and signed by Bruce Reinhart, U.S. Magistrate Judge, can be viewed in the online reader below or viewed in a larger format by clicking on the link “Full Text – Mar-a-Lago Search Warrant.” Clicking the “Download” button allows the full text of the document to be downloaded to your device. You can also share this post on Twitter and Facebook.

Democracy4All is a 501(c)(3) nonpartisan collective working to expand, reform, and protect American democracy through charitable and educational means. You can support our work through PayPal or AmazonSmile (AmazonSmile gives you all AmazonPrime benefits).

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The Insurrection Bar To Office


August 5, 2022


In the aftermath of the events of January 6, 2021, in and around the U.S. Capitol, there have been calls for accountability for those who participated, as well as for those who may have helped instigate it. The breach of the Capitol resulted in numerous injuries, multiple deaths, and significant property damage. It also delayed Congress’s constitutional duty of certifying electoral votes for President-elect Joseph Biden and caused Capitol Police and other law enforcement personnel to evacuate the Vice President and Members of Congress from the House and Senate floors to safer locations. Some observers, historians, and other commentators are wondering whether the Disqualification Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment might provide a mechanism to disqualify individuals who participated in or encouraged the siege, including former and sitting government officials, from holding office.

Invocation of the Disqualification Clause raises a number of novel legal questions involving the activities that could trigger disqualification, the offices to which disqualification might apply, and the mechanisms to enforce disqualification. The clause has been seldom used, and the few times it has been used in the past mainly arose out of the Civil War—a very different context from the events of January 6. It is therefore unclear to what extent historical precedents provide useful guidance for its application to the events of January 6.

A mere days after the now famous history making raid on Donald Trump’s Mar-a-Lago residence in search of documents illegally taken from by the White House by the former president the Congressional Research Service updated and published a deeply researched legal memorandum addressing the Disqualification Clause. The memorandum explains to whom it might apply and what activities could incur a bar on holding office, and discusses possible mechanisms to implement it. Democracy4All has made the full text of the memorandum available to all using the steps explained below.

The full text of The Congressional Research Service memorandum of August 5, 2022 (updated just days before the FBI raided the private residence of former, and twice-impeached, President Donald Trump) “The Insurrection Bar to Office: Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment” can be viewed in your browser in the scrollable reader below or by clicking on the link below the reader titled “Insurrection Bar.” Clicking the “Download” button allows the full text of the opinion to be downloaded to your device. You can also share this post on Twitter and Facebook.

Democracy4All is a 501(c)(3) nonpartisan collective working to expand, reform, and protect American democracy through charitable and educational means. Donations to Democracy4All are tax deductible and can be made through PayPal using this link: PayPal.Me/Democracy4All. Thank you for your support!

Full Text: Garland & Barr Political Sensitivities Memos


July 19, 2022


The full text of Merrick Garland’s May 25, 2022 DOJ Memorandum “Election Year Sensitivities” can be viewed in your browser by clicking on the link below titled “Garland Election Year Sensitivities Memo.” Clicking the “Download” button allows the full text of the opinion to be downloaded to your device. You can also share this post on Twitter and Facebook.

The full text of Bill Barr’s February 5, 2020 DOJ Memorandum “Additional Requirements For The Opening Of Certain Sensitive Investigations” which Merrick Garland fully adopted and extended in Garland’s May 2022 memo can be viewed in your browser by clicking on the link below titled “Barr Certain Sensitivities Memo.” Clicking the “Download” button allows the full text of the opinion to be downloaded to your device. You can also share this post on Twitter and Facebook.

Ukraine – Facing The Unthinkable

Ukrainian emergency employees and volunteers carry an injured pregnant woman from the damaged by shelling maternity hospital in Mariupol, Ukraine, Wednesday, March 9, 2022. A Russian attack has severely damaged a maternity hospital in the besieged port city of Mariupol, Ukrainian officials say. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)

March 22, 2022


A superb analysis of Putin’s savage invasion of Ukraine written by Oregon Representative Marty Wilde. Rep. Wilde’s military experience includes deployment in Afghanistan as a member of the International Security Assistance Force.

Last month, Russia invaded Ukraine in the largest military operation in Europe since World War II. Putin launched this campaign expressly to destroy Ukraine’s military and overthrow its democratically-elected government, violating an earlier agreement to respect its borders in exchange for Ukraine giving up nuclear weapons. In response, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy requested military aid and direct US military action to save his country. To be effective, the US aid must match Ukraine’s needs with our capacity and squarely confront the potential for escalation.

What Does Ukraine Need?

Ukraine’s military most pressing needs are for defensive short range anti-armor systems and protective large-scale anti-air weapons systems. US aid has focused on small, portable systems, such as the Javelin anti-tank missile and Stinger anti-air missile. The Ukrainian military has used these well against Russian forces with longer-range weapons. I can’t imagine the bravery it takes to sneak up on foot on a tank that can shoot someone from miles away or to try to shoot down a heavily armed Russian Hind attack helicopter with only a small, hand-carried missile.

But these short-range systems cannot prevent aerial bombardment and the ongoing murder of civilians by missiles. US weapons like F-16 aircraft and Patriot air defense missiles could save lives, but their use would require us to enter the conflict directly or provide lengthy training. Instead, we are encouraging former Warsaw Pact countries to transfer their more familiar anti-air and anti-missile systems to Ukraine, in exchange receiving US equipment and training. For example, I expect that we will see Slovakia and Bulgaria give their S-300 air defense systems to Ukraine, in exchange for deployments of US air defense units to protect them.

The US as the Arsenal of Democracy

During World War II, the US provided $700 billion (in 2022 dollars) worth of planes, ships, tanks, and other military supplies to the UK, the Soviet Union, France, China, and others. This amounted to about 17% of the total war expenditures for the U.S. During just the first year of this “Lend Lease” program, we budgeted $182 billion. Since 2014, the US has delivered only about $3 billion in military support for Ukraine, with about $3.5 billion more budgeted. For comparison, the US Department of Defense budget is about $728 billion this year. We can do a lot more to support Ukraine, even without direct participation in the conflict.

Does Might Make Right?

While we consider the use of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons unthinkable, Putin is actively considering the use of weapons of mass destruction. The Russian military does not draw a clear distinction between large conventional munitions like fuel-air explosives and tactical nuclear weapons. In comparison with the available alternatives, chemical weapons are not very useful against military targets, but they are effective terror weapons against civilians. Putin has already committed war crimes by targeting civilians directly with heavy munitions to try to force a surrender. He will likely escalate, regardless of US actions.

We must face the horror of these weapons directly. In the last decade, both Republican and Democratic Presidents engaged in missile strikes against the military units employing chemical weapons. In the Ukrainian context, that would mean US forces taking direct military action against Russian forces, with all the danger of escalation that entails. While no one wants that to happen, we should not pretend that the alternatives are all worse.

If we do not do more to support Ukraine, Russia will subjugate or divide Ukraine, which would allow Putin to credibly threaten other countries on his periphery, including Georgia, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, and Finland, some of which are NATO treaty allies. It would mark a significant advance for authoritarian regimes, especially if the lack of a strong response now encourages Putin to escalate to using weapons of mass destruction. A world in which any of the increasing number of nuclear powers can simply threaten to use these weapons to prevent any response to invasions of its neighbors is truly a world where might makes right.

Ukraine needs much more than the military support we currently provide. That likely means deploying tens of thousands of more US troops to Eastern Europe with US-built air defense systems to replace the Soviet-era equipment our allies will provide Ukraine. These troops will also have a long-term mission to train our allies in their own defense. The additional resources provided by US and allied countries would allow Ukraine to resist the Russian invasion more effectively. In turn, this could force a Russian withdrawal or settlement on terms favorable to a free and democratic Ukraine.

As Thomas Paine wrote, “These are times that try men’s souls.” After the long slogs of Iraq and Afghanistan, we yearn for a time of peace. But while we may not be interested in war, war is interested in us. If we do not answer the call to defend democracy, Putin’s aggression will not stop in Ukraine.

Full Text: Briefs & Orders Filed In TX Abortion Case


October 16, 2021


Use this link to find analyses of and access to full text documents filed in the Texas abortion case. The Texas abortion case began when the United States Supreme Court, in a case titled “Whole Women’s Health v. Austin Reeve (Supreme Court) (9.1.21),” declined to strike down a newly enacted Texas law allowing citizens to act as “abortion vigilantes” by empowering them to sue anyone who helps a woman obtain an abortion once fetal cardiac activity can be detected — usually around six weeks after a woman’s last menstrual period (for a more detailed explanation of the Texas abortion law read the Washington Post article “What To Know About The Texas Abortion Law“). The Supreme Court’s order, filed on September 1, 2021, with blistering dissents by justices Kagan and Sotomayor, effectively overruled the longstanding Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade, which held that women had a constitutional right to abortions. Further analysis of the Supreme Court’s order and the full text of the order can be found by clicking here: United States Supreme Court Order Allowing Texas Abortion Law To Stand.

When the United States Supreme Court allowed the draconian Texas abortion law to stand, the Department of Justice (DOJ) under Attorney General Merrick Garland began a lawsuit on September 9, 2021, by filing a complaint in the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas. The DOJ’s complaint was fiercely direct, opening with the statement: “It is settled constitutional law that ‘a State may not prohibit any woman from making the ultimate decision to terminate her pregnancy before viability.’” Thus, concluded the DOJ, “Texas enacted S.B. 8 in open defiance of the Constitution.” Further explanation of the DOJ’s complaint and the full text of the complaint (which changed the name of the case to “United States of America v. The State of Texas”) can be found by clicking here: DOJ Complaint Challenging Texas Abortion Law.

After filing its complaint, and aware of the urgent health crisis created by the Texas abortion law, the DOJ just five days later, on September 14, 2021, filed an emergency motion for a temporary restraining order, or preliminary injunction, to prevent the abortion law from being implemented. In its motion, the DOJ noted that “[t]he devastating effects warned of in the pre-enforcement litigation immediately became a reality for patients and providers in Texas.” The DOJ established the factual basis for its motion by describing a litany of harrowing experiences suffered by Texas women as a direct result of the anti-abortion law. The DOJ’s description of the dire state of affairs in Texas and the full text of the emergency motion can be found by clicking here: United States’ Emergency Motion For A Temporary Restraining Order Or Preliminary Injunction.

The United States District Court was quick to respond to the DOJ’s motion. On October 6, 2021, United States District Judge Robert Pitman filed a 113-page order in favor of the DOJ issuing a temporary restraining order, or preliminary injunction (whether termed a “restraining order” or “preliminary injunction” the legal effect is the same). The consequence of this order was that the Texas abortion law could not be enforced. As described in a Vox article published on October 9, 2021, Judge Pitman blasted the Texas abortion law as an “unprecedented and transparent statutory scheme” to deprive Texas women of their constitutional abortion rights under Roe v. Wade. In an article published on October 17, 2021, the Guardian observed that Judge Pitman used “some of the strongest language ever heard from a federal judge,” noting that “Judge Pitman’s opinion explained that Texas concocted a transparent ‘scheme’ to ‘end run’ the constitution . . . [and] laid out the elaborate ‘machinations’ Texas devised to avoid a court doing anything about a clearly unconstitutional law.” The full text of Judge Pitman’s order can be viewed or downloaded by clicking here: U.S. v. Texas Judge Pitman Order Blocking TX Abortion Ban 10.6.21.

The District Court’s order stopping the Texas abortion law from being enforced was short lived. On October 8, 2021, the State of Texas filed a motion with the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals (the intermediate appellate court between federal district courts and the United States Supreme Court) asking for a stay of the preliminary injunction issued by Judge Pitman. The full text of the motion filed by Texas can be found by clicking here: U.S. v. Texas Motion To Stay Preliminary Injunction. The United States filed its opposition to the Texas motion on October 11, 2021. The full text of the United States’ brief can be found here: U.S. v. Texas DOJ Opposition to Motion to Stay. Also on October 11, 2021, a large group of prestigious organizations opposing the Texas abortion ban (particularly as a matter of women’s health) filed an Amici Curiae (i.e., “friend of the court”) brief in support of the United States’ opposition to the Texas motion. The full text of the Amici Curiae brief can be found here: U.S. v. Texas Amicus Briefs in Support of U.S. On October 14, 2021, a three-judge panel of the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals in a 2-1 decision issued a perfunctory one paragraph order staying the preliminary injunction filed by Judge Pitman just five days before. The legal consequence of the 5th Circuit’s order was to reinstate the Texas abortion ban, once again depriving the women of Texas the constitutional rights to an abortion guaranteed by Roe v. Wade. The full text of the 5th Circuit’s order can be viewed by clicking here: U.S. v. Texas 5th Circuit Panel Stays Preliminary Injunction.

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